When we think of mushrooms and the southern Mexico condition of Oaxaca, the 1st factor which traditionally arrives to brain is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But gradually that’s all shifting as a result of the groundbreaking operate of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, through their organization, Mico-lógica.
Based mostly in the village of Benito Juárez, found in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (much more commonly acknowledged as the Sierra Norte, the state’s principal ecotourism region), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to practice the two Mexicans and website visitors to the country in the lower-cost cultivation of a assortment of mushroom species to teach about the medicinal, nutritional and environmental (sustainable) benefit of mushrooms and to conduct ongoing study regarding the best possible climatic locations and the range of substrata for mushroom tradition.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in fact to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Yes, coming all the way to Mexico from France to go after my desire in mushrooms seems like a lengthy way to vacation,” Mathieu defined in a modern interview in Oaxaca. “But there truly was not significantly of an possibility to perform research and develop a enterprise in Western Europe,” he proceeds, “given that reverence for mushrooms had been all but entirely eradicated by The Church more than the course of centuries and I realized that Mexico even now maintains a respect and appreciation for the medicinal and nutritional benefit of hongos. Mexico is significantly from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is more than a 5 hour travel from the closest metropolitan heart. Accordingly, Mathieu sooner or later realized that keeping in Huautla, whilst keeping an historic allure and currently being in a geographic region conducive to doing work with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to develop a business and cultivate prevalent interest in finding out about fungi. Mathieu became cognizant of the burgeoning popularity of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and indeed the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom pageant), held annually in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu met Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom event. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico City in 2002. The two shared related pursuits Jiménez experienced analyzed agronomy, and for close to a decade experienced been operating with sustainable agriculture projects in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina area of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coast of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez grew to become organization, and then daily life companions in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on a few mushroom species in their arms-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With buymyshroomonline.ca , and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also training a fair bit about the medicinal employs of mushrooms, so more time is needed,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it is predominantly [but not completely] a training course on cultivation.”
Even though coaching seminars are now only provided in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez program to increase operations to incorporate equally the central valleys and coastal areas of Oaxaca. The item is to have a network of producers expanding different mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation based on the distinct microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and hence as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to diverse climatic locations is exceptional. “The oyster can be grown in a multitude of different substrata, and that’s what we’re experimenting with proper now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when developed on merchandise which would normally be squander, this sort of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (including the fibrous squander produced in mezcal distillation), peas, the typical river reed identified as carriso, sawdust, and the listing goes on. Agricultural squander which may possibly or else be still left to rot or be burned, every single with adverse environmental implications, can sort substrata for mushroom cultivation. It ought to be famous, although trite, that mushroom cultivation is a extremely sustainable, green business. In excess of the previous many a long time Mexico has in truth been at the fore in a lot of areas of sustainable business.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve an arguably even greater environmental great:
“They can keep up to 30 thousand times their mass, obtaining implications for inhibiting erosion. They have been employed to clear up oil spills through absorption and hence are an essential car for habitat restoration. Study has been accomplished with mushrooms in the fight in opposition to carpenter ant destruction it really is been advised that the use of fungi has the likely to entirely revamp the pesticide industry in an environmentally welcoming way. There are virtually hundreds of other eco-pleasant applications for mushroom use, and in every situation the mushroom stays an edible by-solution. Just take a search at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, 6 Methods Mushrooms Can Conserve The Entire world.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can frequently be located promoting their products on weekends in the natural markets in Oaxaca. They’re each a lot more than happy to talk about the nutritional benefit of their products which variety from by natural means their new mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with both chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 cannot be discovered in fruits or vegetables, and accordingly a diet program which involves fungi is incredibly important for vegetarians who can not get B12, most often contained in meats. Mushrooms can very easily be a substitute for meats, with the edge that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones frequently found in industrially processed meat products.
Mico-lógica also offer teas and extracts manufactured from different mushroom species, every single formulated as possibly a nutritional complement, or for their medicinal homes. Whilst neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological qualifications to prescribe mycological treatment method for serious conditions, Mathieu’s personal study factors to the medicinal use of mushrooms courting from pre-history, to the present. He notes qualities of mushrooms which can aid to restore the immune technique, and thus the use of fungi as a complement in the remedy of cancer and AIDS, and their utility in controlling diabetic issues and managing substantial cholesterol.
“We must all be embracing the natural and organic manufacturing of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It’s so straightforward, it requires a small cash expense, and it supplies substantial rewards, equally for people ingesting hongos for dietary and medicinal reasons, and for the producers, even little scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. However most of the dried mushrooms sold in Mexico are imported from China, and are not organic. It’s a real shame on many amounts.”